Downtown Houston is known as the major district of business in Texas, and it is situated near the geographical part of the urban region at the intersection of Interstates 10, 45, and 69. Since its foundation in 1836, downtown has been the city’s most important commercial center. The original town site of Houston is located at the connection of White Oak Bayou and Buffalo Bayou a spot called Allen’s Landing and is surrounded by the aforementioned routes.
Houston City Hall, the Harris County jails, criminal and civil courthouses, and federal prison and courthouse are all located downtown. The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO) is headquartered in the district, which is also a significant public transportation hub, located at the heart of the light rail system, park and ride system, and metropolitan freeway network. Every day, about 100,000 individuals commute through Downtown. A complex network of pedestrian tunnels and skywalks connects many of the district’s buildings, serving as a subterranean mall as well.
Downtown, which is home to nine famous Fortune 500 firms, has an office area of 50 million square feet or 4,600,000 m2 and employs 150,000 people. Downtown is very popular for entertainment and pleasure destination. The 13,000-places of Theater District is home to nine major performing arts institutions, such as Jones Hall, Alley Theatre, Hobby Center, and the Wortham Theater Center. the Toyota Center and Minute Maid Park, respectively, are home to the Houston Rockets and Houston Astros, two major professional sports teams. The city’s convention district is anchored by Discovery Green.
Third Ward to the south, East Downtown to the east, Fourth Ward to the west, Midtown to the southwest, Near Northside to the north, and Sixth Ward to the northwest, define the boundaries of Downtown. The streets in the area are laid up in a precise grid design of around 400 blocks of the square, orientated from the southwest region to the northeast. Buffalo Bayou runs across the district’s northern end, and its banks serve as a linear park with a grade-separated system of hike-and-bike trails.
In 1971, the 50-story, 218-meter (714-foot) One Shell Plaza became Houston’s first large skyscraper. Throughout the 1970s, a series of skyscrapers were constructed, culminating in the completion of Houston’s highest skyscraper, the 75-story, 305 m (1,002 ft) JPMorgan Chase Tower (originally the Texas Commerce Tower) in 1982. It was the tallest structure in Texas in 2002, the ninth tallest building in the United States, and the world’s 23rd tallest skyscraper. The 71-story, 296-meter (970-foot) Wells Fargo Plaza was completed in 1983, making it the second-tallest building in Houston and Texas, as well as the 11th-tallest in the United States. With the fall of Houston’s energy industry and the subsequent recession in the mid-1980s, skyscraper construction in downtown Houston came to an end.
In the years 2000–2003, smaller office structures were constructed. Downtown Houston had about 44 million square feet (4,087,733 m2) of office space as of January 2015, including over 29 million square feet (1,861,704 m2) of class A office space.