The Port of Houston is the major port, serving the Houston, Texas metropolitan region. The port is a complex of 50 miles, public and commercial facilities located just a short sail from the Gulf of Mexico in the wild waters. It is a port with busy transportation facilities in the United States. The other busiest port in terms of international tonnage, it is located in the country’s fourth-largest city. Though the port was originally situated primarily within Houston city boundaries, it has grown to the point that it now has services in several municipalities throughout the surrounding places. Morgan’s Point, in particular, is home to the Barbours Cut Terminal, the busiest port terminal.
The Houston port is a partnership between the port organization, which runs the major facilities along with the Houston Ship Channel, and 150 individual businesses around Galveston Bay and Buffalo Bayou. Many oil companies have established refineries near the channel and they are prevented from the Gulf of Mexico’s severe storms. The complex of petrochemical is linked with Houston’s port.
In 2005, the Port handled around 215 million tonnes of cargo, the majority of which was petroleum-related. Barbours Cut (near Morgan’s Point) and Bayport are the two terminals attached to cargo container handling at the Port. The terminal of the Barbours Cut was the port’s new terminal dedicated to these shipments. Jacintoport, Turning Basin, Care, and Woodhouse, are some of the other general cargo facilities.
The Port serves a free 90-minute trip on the M/V Sam Houston, which you can learn more about on their website. Due to the recreational traffic, the Houston Ship Channel is closed now. The tours are the only way for the public to see port work, and they are quite popular. The Houston Port handles the majority of Volkswagen (and Audi) vehicles sold in North America.
The reconstruction of the terminal, Turning Basin at the Port started in 2010 and this place is projected to take ten years. The Turning Basin Terminal is an all-rounder facility with 37 docks and open wharves for direct loading and discharge of containerized, breakbulk, and heavy-lift cargoes projects. The refurbishment is intended to accommodate an increase in steel transportation, which grew 3.1 million tonnes in the nine months in the year 2011, compared to 1.9 million tonnes the last year.
Foreign Trade Zone
Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) No. 84, which consists of privately owned locations around Harris County and Houston, Texas, is managed by the Port of Houston Authority. The Houston Trade Zone provides specific privileges to its visitors. Customs charges on imported products with FTZ, for example, can be postponed until the shipment has been canceled from the zone. If the goods are exported immediately from that place, there is no duty to pay.
The Port of Houston includes the following Sub Zones: 84F Valero Refining Co., 84E Gulf Coast Maritime, I Tuboscope Vetco Int’l 84, 84H Shaffer, Inc. 84, J Shell Oil Co.,84K Drill-Quip, 84M Hydril USA Manufacturing LLC, 84N Pasadena Refining System, Inc, and 84L Tadiran Microwave Networks.