Houston's Olivewood Cemetery

Posted on: June 15, 2022
By: Alan O'Neill
Posted in: Houston TX, Humble, The woodlands, TX

Houston’s Olivewood Cemetery named one of the nation’s most endangered historic places

A headstone at Olivewood Cemetery in Houston on Saturday, April 3, 2021. Local historians have been using voting registration records to try to find out more about the less famous buried at the cemetery.


A headstone at Olivewood Cemetery in Houston on Saturday, April 3, 2021. Local historians have been using voting registration records to try to find out more about the less famous buried at the cemetery.

Elizabeth Conley, Houston Chronicle / Staff photographer

The National Trust for Historic Preservation has named Olivewood Cemetery, Houston’s oldest African American cemetery, one of the most endangered historic places in the country.

The resting place for many of Houston’s earliest black residents is one of 11 endangered places list.

Olivewood, which was incorporated in 1875, was selected not only because of its historical significance but also because of the threat that climate change poses, because of the danger of flooding in the area. In 2017, Hurricane Harvey submerged Olivewood Cemetery and water dislodged and damage headstones.

White Oak Bayou runs along the six-acre cemetery, which spans the First and Sixth ward boundaries northwest of downtown.

Charles Cook, co-founder of the Descendants of Olivewood, and long time volunteer, talks about the importance of Houston’s oldest African American cemetery. Video: Elizabeth Conley Houston Chronicle Staff photographer

HOUSTON HISTORY: Volunteers ensure history of Black Houston lives on at historic Olivewood Cemetery

“Olivewood Cemetery is tremendously significant in American history because it connects us directly to the powerful stories of Black men and women who were brought to this country enslaved, participated in the earliest Juneteenth celebrations of their emancipation in 1865, built Houston’s Black community, and went on to vote and run for elective office as free citizens,” Katherine Malone-France, chief preservation officer for the trust, said in a statement.

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“This sacred place and the dedicated volunteers who have brought it back to life need expanded partnerships and support to help protect Olivewood Cemetery from the increasing impacts of climate change-related extreme weather.”

Headstones at Olivewood Cemetery in Houston on Friday, May 7, 2021.

Elizabeth Conley, Houston Chronicle / Staff photographer

The Descendants of Olivewood Inc, a nonprofit organized in 2003, has worked to preserve the legacy of the descendants buried there and support and maintain the cemetery. The nonprofit obtained guardianship of the cemetery in 2008. The organization received an African American Cultural Heritage Action Fund grant in 2021 and has engaged a study to research the threat from flooding and erosion and identify solutions.

Some 4,000 Houstonians, and many prominent African Americans, are buried at the cemetery, including the Rev. Elias Dibble, a former slave and the first Black ordained Methodist minister in the nation and founder of Houston’s Trinity Methodist Church. Burials stopped in the 1960s.

“Olivewood is a place where you can share the same space as historic figures like Richard Allen or Frank Vance,” Margott Williams, president of the group, said in a statement. “Headstones tell the story of how towns, cities, and nations are built.”

The upkeep of Black cemeteries often falls on volunteers or small non-profits, such as Project R.E.S.P.E.C.T., which oversees three historically Black cemeteries in the Houston area: Harrisburg-Jackson Cemetery in the East End, New Home Cemetery near Richmond and Evergreen Negro Cemetery in Fifth Ward.

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